Oct J Peace Educ. Young female adolescents are expected to adhere to a moral prescription for timing of sex, marriage, childbearing, and avoidance of criminal and other delinquent behavior. For example, more auxiliary female members, especially girlfriends, may be more likely to experience motherhood as a transition compared to young women more involved in gang life and crime Valdez, Thus, espirit de corps, a central and vivifying value within youth street gangs, is magnified and maintained via group symbolic praxis and expressive violence. Findings from a variety of other studies, including those most closely aligned with the view of gang girls as liberated from male control, show further the abusive, sexist, and inequitable treatment of gang girls by gang boys and, occasionally, other gang girls e. Girlfriends, Gun-Holders, and Ghetto-Rats? Girls in this community are constantly negotiating their image within these social boundaries of the good girl image.
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One of the intriguing findings from this study is how traditional gender roles associated with Mexican American culture are being influenced by the behavior of these females. Similar to males, these females strive to gain economic independence by engaging in such illegal activities. I like doing drugs. One year-old girl, who is perceived to be a hoodrat, described her reasons for not having a boyfriend:. She will be my main chick, and all my boys respect her. Nonuse tended to be most common among those who had just recently become emotionally attached to a male.